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 It was built for the World’s Fair in 1889 by French engineer Gustave Alexandre Eiffel, who designed it as a cross-braced, latticed girder with minimum wind resistance. Constructed from over 6300 metric tons (7000 tons) of highest quality wrought iron, it is a masterpiece of wrought-iron technology. Eiffel Tower n a 300-meter-984-foot high iron tower in central Paris, France. It was designed by Gustave Eiffel for the 1889 Paris Exposition.


More About Eiffel Tower : Introduction : Eiffel Alexandra : Eiffel Tower History : Eiffel Exposition : Eiffel Tower Gallery


                                           Introduction

The Eiffel Tower is one of the most recognizable structures in the world. Built for the Universal Exposition of 1889 to commemorate the centennial of the French Revolution, it was intended as an example of the progress and
achievement of 19th century science and technology. Unanimously selected from over 700 proposals, the Tower's 300-meter height symbolized that progress. When it opened in March 1889, the Eiffel Tower was the tallest building in the world, and it remained so until May 1930 when the 77-story, 319-meter Chrysler Building opened in New York City. (A year later, the 102-story, 381-meter Empire State Building took the record and held it for 41 years.)

The Tower consists of four arched legs that taper inward to form a single column that rises to the top level at a height 275 meters (there are two other levels at 57 and 115 meters). The top level contained a suite of rooms used by Eiffel, including an office where he received Thomas Edison in 1899, a spiral staircase and a flagpole at the top which brought the total initial
height to 312 meters. Building such a tower presented significant challenges. As Eiffel himself said, "What phenomenon did I have to give primary concern in designing the Tower? It was wind resistance. Well, I hold that the curvature of the monument's four outer edges, which is as the mathematical calculations have dictated it should be, will give a great impression of strength and beauty."

History has vindicated Eiffel's opinion and most people now consider the Tower to be a beautiful structure, but this opinion was not always the case. Even before the Tower was completed, a petition signed by 300 prominent artists (one for each meter of height) was presented to the city government protesting the "useless and monstrous Eiffel Tower.'' [2]  The petitioners used the name "Eiffel Tower'' derisively (Eiffel referred to the "300-meter tower''), but the name stuck and today the Eiffel Tower is universally recognized as a symbol of Paris and now adorns France's 200-franc note.
 

More About Eiffel Tower : Introduction : Eiffel Alexandra : Eiffel Tower History : Eiffel Exposition : Eiffel Tower Gallery