The Great Wall of China
Great Wall of China Sections of the Great Wall of China, including this section near Beijing, have been restored in the 20th century. Built by the Ming dynasty in the 15th and 16th centuries, the Great Wall stretches about 2400 km (about 1500 mi) along China’s northern border. Shihuangdi, the first emperor of China (221-210 bc), constructed different fortifications also known as the Great Wall. Few traces remain of that ancient structure.
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The Great Wall, extensive bulwark erected in ancient China, is one of the
largest building-construction projects ever carried out, running (with all its
branches) about 4,500 miles (7,300 km) east to west from Shanhaiguan Pass near
Bo Hai (Gulf of Bohai) to Jisayuguan Pass (in modern Gansu province)
traversing Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, Shanxi, Inner
Mongolia, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu. Without its branches and other secondary
sections, the wall extends for some 4,160 miles (6,700 km), often tracing the
crestlines of hills and mountains as it snakes across the Chinese countryside.
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